B.A.  Political Transformations (Professor Kaufmann's half of the module)

(twitter feed for all of my modules)

(for my research news, and anything interesting I come across)


  1. Liberalisation and Cosmopolitanism in the West, 1750-1945 [AUDIO]

  2. Culture Shift: Liberal Attitude Change in the Post-Industrial West [AUDIO]

  3. Individualism, Modernism and Lifestyle Differentiation  [AUDIO

  4. The Decline of Violence in Human History [AUDIO]

  5. Nationalism and Cosmopolitanism [AUDIO]

  6. Secularisation and Religious Revival: Islam, Europe and the USA [AUDIO]

  7. The World Population Revolution [AUDIO]

  8. Immigration and the Rise of the Far Right in Europe [AUDIO]

  9. Our Posthuman Future?: Biology and Politics [AUDIO]

  10. Revision  AUDIO 1 (general revision, but note 2 questions not 3) [AUDIO 2 ( Q & A for undergraduate revision)]


Weekly Readings


Session 11 – Liberalisation, 1750-1945     



Marshall, T.H. [1950] 1992. Citizenship and Social Class and Other Essays (Cambridge: CUP) – 305.5094 MAR [PC]




*Bruce, Steve. 1990. A House Divided: protestantism, schism and secularization (London: Routledge), ch. 4 – [NIS], available electronically

*Zubaida, Sami. 2003. Law and Power in the Islamic World (London: I.B. Tauris), ch. 4 - 340.59 ZUB

*Zakaria F. 1997. 'The Rise of Illiberal Democracy,' Foreign Affairs, vol. 76, no. 6, pp. 22-43 - Business Source Premier

*Kaplan, Lawrence. 2004. 'China and Freedom,' Prospect, Issue 99. – [JNIS]

Lenz, Gabriel and Jonathan Ladd. 2003. 'A Quantitative Investigation of the Extension of the Franchise in the West,' paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association - available electronically

Brynen, R. et al (eds). 1995. Political Liberalisation in the Arab World: Theoretical Perspectives, volume 1 (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner); – [NIS]

Liberal Cosmopolitanism

*Kaufmann, Eric. 2004. The Rise and Fall of Anglo-America: The Decline of Dominant Ethnicity in the United States (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press), chs. 5-7- [PC]

*Newman, Gerald. 1996. The Rise of English Nationalism, (Basingstoke: Macmillan) chs 1-2. -  942.07 NEW

Liberal Revolutions

Doyle, William. 1989. ‘The Revolution in Perspective’ in W. Doyle, The Oxford History of the French Revolution (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp.391-425 - 944.04 DOY

Ball, T., J. Farr & R. Hanson (eds.), Political Innovation and Conceptual Change (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), esp. pp.333-356 (French Revolution) - R13 [Bal]

Palmer, R. R. [1959] 1964. The Age of the Democratic Revolutions: A Political History of Europe and America 1760-1800, 2 vols. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press) - MCQ [Pal]



Session 12 –Culture Shift: Liberal Attitude Change in the Post-Industrial West



Inglehart, Ronald. 1990. Culture Shift in Advanced Industrial Society (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press), ch. 2 - 303.4 ING [PC]



*Mayer, William G. 1992. The Changing American Mind: How and Why American Public Opinion Changed between 1960 and 1988 (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press) – [NIS]

*Inglehart, Ronald (ed.) 2003. Human Values and Social Change: Findings from the Values Surveys (Leiden: Brill) – [NIS]

*Inglehart, Ronald. 1997. Modernization and Postmodernization: Cultural, Economic, and Political Change in 43 Societies (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press) – [NIS]

Davis, DW, K.M. Dowley and B. Silver. 1999. 'Postmaterialism in World Societies: Is it Really a Value Dimension?, American Journal of Political Science, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 935-62 – [JNIS]

Inglehart, Ronald and P. Abramson. 1999. ' Measuring postmaterialism,' American Political Science Review, vol. 93, no. 3., pp. 665-77 – [JNIS]

Caplow, Theodore, Howard M. Bahr, John Modell and Bruce A. Chadwick. 1994. Recent Social Trends in the United States, 1960-1990 (Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queens Press) – [NIS]

Jennings, M. Kent and Richard G. Niemi. 1981. Generations and Politics: A Panel Study of Young Adults and Their Parents (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press) – [NIS]

Shafer, Byron E. and William J.M. Claggett. 1995. The Two Majorities: the Issue Context of Modern American Politics (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press) – [NIS]


Session 13 – Individualism, Modernism and Lifestyle Differentiation                                                                                                                             


Giddens, Anthony. 1991. Modernity and Self-Identity (Cambridge: Polity Press), pp. 80-87 ('Lifestyles and Life Plans') - KCB [Gi] - [PC]

Bellah, Robert N. 1996 (1985). Habits of the Heart, 2nd ed. (London & Berkeley, CA: University of California Press), pp. 71-75 ('Lifestyle enclaves') - KBVb [Hab]

Bell, Daniel. 1996. The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism (New York: Harper Collins), ch.1, esp. pp. 46-84  - NI,H [Bel]



*Bell, Daniel 1980. The Winding Passage: Essays and Sociological Journeys, 1960-1980 (Cambridge, MA: ABT Books), part III – [NIS]

*Martin, Bernice. 1981. A Sociology of Contemporary Cultural Change (Oxford: Basil Blackwell) - 941.085 MAR

*Durkheim, Emile. [1893] 1984. The Division of Labour in Society (Houndsmills & London: Macmillan), chapter VI - 306.36 DUR - [PC]

*Taylor, Charles. 1989. Sources of the Self: the Making of the Modern Identity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), esp. ch. 24 – 126 TAY

Kaufmann, Eric. 2004. The Rise and Fall of Anglo-America: The Decline of Dominant Ethnicity in the United States (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press), pp. 198-206 - [PC]

Chaney, David. 1996. Lifestyles (London & New York, N.Y.: Routledge) – [NIS]

Brooks, D. 2001. Bobos in Paradise: The New Upper Class and How They Got There (New York: Simon & Schuster) – [NIS]

Vidich, Arthur J. and Joseph Bensman. 1995. "Changes in the Life-Styles of American Classes," in Arthur J. Vidich (ed), The New Middle Classes: Life-Styles, Status Claims and Political Orientations (New York: New York University Press), pp. 238-58 – [NIS]

Gans, Herbert J. 1994. 'Symbolic Ethnicity and Symbolic Religiosity: Towards a Comparison of Ethnic and Religious Acculturation,' Ethnic & Racial Studies, Vol.17, no. 4, pp. 577-92-  CE Library - I33 & Reference

Gottdiener, Mark. 1997. The Theming of America: dreams, visions, and commercial spaces (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press) – [NIS]

McCracken, Grant. 1988. Culture and Consumption: New Approaches to the Symbolic Character of Consumer Goods and Activities (Indiana University Press, Bloomington) – [NIS]


Session 14 - The Decline of Violence in Human History



Pinker, S. (2011). The better angels of our nature : why violence has declined. New York, Viking., chs. 1- 2

Gray, John. 2011. 'Delusions of Peace' - review of Pinker book in Prospect magazine, 21 September



Pinker, S. (2011). The better angels of our nature : why violence has declined. New York, Viking

Elias, N. (1994). The Civilizing Process. Oxford, Blackwell.

Gray, John. 2014. 'Destination Denmark', review of Francis Fukuyama, Political Order and Political Decay, Literary Review, September

Kaufmann, E. 2011. review of Steven Pinker, ‘The Better Angels of our Nature,’ Literary Review, Christmas edition

Fukuyama, F. (1992). The End of History and the Last Man. Hamish Hamilton, London.

Ridley, M. (2010). The rational optimist : how prosperity evolves. London, Fourth Estate.


Session 15 –Nation and Ethnic Group: Decline or Revival?



Fukuyama, Francis. 1992. The End of History and the Last Man, (Hamish Hamilton, London), ch. 25 - 901 FUK



*Kaufmann, E. 2003. 'The Rise of Cosmopolitanism in the Twentieth Century West: A Comparative and Historical Perspective on the United States and European Union,' Global Society, Vol. 17, no. 4 (2003), pp.359-83 – Available electronically: (http://www.bbk.ac.uk/polsoc/download/eric_kaufmann/RiseCosmoTwenCent_HPUSEU.pdf)

*Smith, Anthony D., "The Supersession of Nationalism?", International Journal of Comparative Sociology XXXI, 1-2 (1990), pp. 1-31 – Available electronically

*Kennedy, P.M. 1977. "The Decline of Nationalistic History in the West, 1900-1970," Journal of Contemporary History, no. 8 , pp. 77-100 - Reference only

*Gans, Herbert. 1979 "Symbolic Ethnicity: The Future of Ethnic Groups and Cultures in America," Ethnic and Racial Studies 2: 1-20 - CE Library - I33 & Reference

*Alba, Richard D. 1990. Ethnic Identity: The Transformation of White America (New Haven & London: Yale University Press). - final chapter & conclusion – [NIS]

Plumb, J.H. 1969. The Death of the Past (London: Macmillan), intro + later chapters- L4C [Plu]

Kotkin, J. 1992. Tribes: How Race, Religion and Identity Structure Success in the New Global Economy (New York: Random House) – [NIS]

Cohen, Robin. 1997. Global Diasporas: An Introduction (London: UCL Press), chs 7 & 8 - 325.2 COH

Bell, Daniel. 1980. The Winding Passage: Essays and Sociological Journeys, 1960-1980 (Cambridge, MA: ABT Books), ch. 10, esp. pp. 199-209 – [NIS]

Mukta, P. & Bhatt, C. 2000. (eds) ‘Hindutva movements in the West’, Ethnic & Racial Studies Special Issue, 23 (3). - CE Library - I33 & Reference

Spencer, P. and H. Wollmann. 2002. Nationalism: A Critical Introduction (London: Sage), ch. 6 - 320.54 SPE[PC]


Session 16 - Secularisation and Religious Revival: Islam, Europe and the USA



*Bruce, Steve (ed.). 2002. God is Dead (Oxford: Blackwell), ch. 1 - 200.91821 BRU (1 week)



*Greeley, A. 2001. 'The Future of Religion in America,' Society, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 32-37 – [JNIS]

*Bruce, Steve (ed.). 2002. God is Dead (Oxford: Blackwell), chs. 1 (secularisation), 3 (Britain), 11 (US) and 12 (conclusion) – [NIS]

*Bruce, Steve (ed.) 1992. Religion and Modernization: Sociologists and Historians Debate the Secularization Thesis (Oxford: OUP) - 306.609034 REL [PC]

Wallis, Roy and Steve Bruce. 1991 'Secularization: Trends, Data and Theory,' Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion, 3, pp. 1-31. – [JNIS]

Martin, David. [1978] 1993. A General Theory of Secularization (Aldershot: Gregg Revivals), ch. 2 – [NIS]

*Halliday, Fred. 1988. 'The Iranian Revolution: Uneven Development and Religious Populism,' in F.Halliday and H Alavi, eds., State and Ideology in the Middle East and Pakistan (Basingstoke: Macmillan)  - PKW [Hal]

Barker, E., J.Beckford and K.Dobbelaere, (eds.) 1993. Secularization, Rationalism and Sectarianism: Essays in Honour of Bryan Wilson (Oxford: OUP) - 306.6 SEC

Roof, Wade Clark and William McKinney. 1987. American Mainline Religion: Its Changing Shape and Future (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press) – [NIS]

Cole, Juan. 1993. Colonialism and Revolution in the Middle East (Princeton: Princeton University Press), Chapter 4. - 962.04 COL - [PC]

Zubaida, S. 2003. Law and Power in the Islamic World (London & new York: I. B. Tauris), ch. 5 - 340.59 ZUB (see also review by Eric Kaufmann in Comparative Studies in Society and History, vol. 47, no. 1., (2004) - available electronically on SwetsWise)


Session 17 - The World Population Revolution



Goldstone, J. (2010). "'The New Population Bomb: The Four Megatrends That Will Change the World'." Foreign Affairs 1(89): 31-43.

Kaufmann, E. and M. D. Toft (2012). 'Introduction'. Political Demography: How Population Changes are Reshaping National Politics and International Security J. A. Goldstone, E. Kaufmann and M. Toft. Oxford, Oxford University Press: 3-9.



*Haas, M. L. (2007). "A geriatric peace? The future of US power in a world of aging populations." International Security 32(1): 112-+.

*Jackson, R., N. Howe, et al. (2008). The graying of the great powers : demography and geopolitics in the 21st century. Washington, D.C., Center for Strategic and International Studies.

Sciubba, J. D. (2011). The future faces of war : population and national security. Santa Barbara, Calif., Praeger.

*Demeny, P. and G. McNicholl. 2006. (eds.) The Political Economy of Global Population Change, special supplement to vol. 32, Population and Development Review, esp. ch. 1

*Kaufmann, Eric. 2010. Shall the Religious Inherit the Earth (London: Profile), ch. 1  [podcast of book from Blackwell's, 3-5 March]

Bashford, Alison. 2014. Global Population: History, Geopolitics, and Life on Earth (Cambridge: CUP)

McNeill, W. H. (1989). Plagues and peoples. New York, Anchor Books.

Diamond, J. (1997). Guns, Germs, and Steel: the Fates of Human Societies. New York; London, W.W. Norton & Co.

Goldstone, J. (2012). "Politics and Demography: A Summary of Critical Relationships". Political Demography: identity, conflict and institutions. J. A. Goldstone, Eric Kaufmann and Monica Duffy Toft. Oxford, Oxford University Press: 268-275.


Session 18 - Immigration and the Rise of the Far Right in Europe



Kennedy, Paul and Matthew Connelly. 1994. 'Must it Be the Rest Against the West,' Atlantic Monthly, December, pp. 61-91

Ford R and Goodwin M. 2014. Revolt on the Right: Explaining support for the radical right in Britain, London: Routledge, ch. 5



Mudde, C. (2007). Populist radical right parties in Europe. Cambridge, UK ; New York, Cambridge University Press, ch. 5

*Betz, H. and S. Immerfall. 1998. The New Politics of the Right: neo-Populist parties and movements in established democracies (New York: St. Martin's) esp ch 1

*Hainsworth, P. (ed). 2000. The Politics of the Extreme Right (London and New York: Pinter)

*Norris, Pippa. 2005. Radical Right: Voters and Parties in the Electoral Market (New York/Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), esp. ch 8:


*Ignazi, P. 2003. Extreme Right Parties in Western Europe (Oxford: Oxford University Press)

*Betz, Hans-Georg. 1994. Radical Right-Wing Populism in Western Europe (Basingstoke & London: MacMillan) - 324.940559 BET

*Kaufmann, E. and Harris, G. 2014. Changing Places: the White British Response to Ethnic Change, Demos report, 29 September

Goodwin, M. 2011. "Europe's Radical Right: Support and Potential," Volume 2, Issue 3, December 2011, Pages: 4–7,

Goodwin, M. (2011). New British fascism : rise of the British National Party. Abingdon ; New York, Routledge.

Harris G, ‘The rise and fall of the British National Party: the demand for extreme right politics in the UK’, unpublished PhD dissertation, Department of Politics, Birkbeck College, University of London, 2012.

Goodhart D, ‘Blue Labour’, Analysis, 27 Mar 2011, www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00zlgdl (accessed 22 Jun 2014).


Session 19 –Our Posthuman Future?: Genetics, Eugenics and Politics



Fukuyama, Francis. 2002. Our Posthuman Future: Consequences of the Biotechnology Revolution (New York: Farrar Straus & Giroux), chs. 1, 5-6 - 660.6 FUK



*Habermas, Jürgen. 2003. The Future of Human Nature, translated by Hella Beister and William Rehg (Cambridge: Polity Press) – [NIS]

*Ball, Philip. 2004. 'What is life? Can we make it?,' Prospect (August) – [JNIS]

Burleigh, M. 2000. 'Eugenic Utopias and the genetic present,' Totalitarian movements and political religions, Vol.1, No.1, pp.56-77 – [JNIS]

Black, Edwin. 2004. War Against the Weak: Eugenics and America's Campaign to Create a Master Race. (New York: Turnaround) – [NIS]

Wallace, Walter L. 1997. The Future of Ethnicity, Race, and Nationality (Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers), pp. 1-10, 15, 16  - 303.482 WAL