Reading List

 

1. Defining Ethnic Group and Nation

 

Required:

 

(Ethnic Groups)

Francis, E.K. 1976. Interethnic Relations (New York: Elsevier, 1976), pp. 6-9 - slc 305.8 FRA [PC]

Smith, A.D. & Hutchinson, J. (eds), Ethnicity (Oxford: OUP), pp. 17-31 - 305.8 ETH

 

(Nations & Nationalism)

Lecture Handout

 

Smith, Anthony D. & Hutchinson, J. (eds) 1994. Nationalism (Oxford: OUP), pp. 15-46 - 320.54 NAT

 

 

Podcast (moderately useful):

Introduction to nationalism and ethnic conflict

 

 

Recommended:

Defining Ethnic Groups

*Smith, Anthony D. 1991. National Identity (London: Penguin 1991), pp. 8-18 - slc 320.54 SMI [PC]

*Smith, Anthony. 1986. The Ethnic Origins of Nations (Oxford: Blackwell), pp. 21-31 - RAA [Smi]

Eriksen, Thomas H. 1993. Ethnicity and Nationalism: Anthropological Perspectives (London: Pluto Press), ch.1 - 305.8 ERI

*Weber, Max. 1978. Economy and Society: an outline of interpretive sociology (Berkeley : University of California Press), pp. 40-43, 341-48, 387-98, 922-26 - KA [Web]

Defining Nations & Nationalism

*Connor, W. 1994. 'A nation is a nation, is a state…' in Connor, Ethno-nationalism: The Quest for Understanding (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press), ch.4 - 323.11 CON

*Anderson, B. 1983. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism (London: Verso), ch.1 - 320.54 AND

Francis, E.K. 1976. Interethnic Relations (New York: Elsevier), ch.7 - slc 305.8 FRA [PC]

Readers and Reference Books:

Leoussi, Athena and Anthony D. Smith (eds). 2001. Encyclopaedia of Nationalism (Oxford: Transaction Books) - [NIS]

Motyl, A. (ed.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Nationalism (San Diego: Academic Press) - [NIS]

Leoussi, Athena and Steven Grosby (eds). 2003. Nationality and Nationalism (London: I.B. Tauris) - [NIS]

Hutchinson, J. and M. Guibernau. 2001. Understanding Nationalism (Cambridge: Polity) - 320.54 UND

Kellas, J. 1998. The Politics of Nationalism and Ethnicity (Basingstoke: Macmillan) - 320.54 KEL

Suny, R. and G. Eley. 1996. Becoming National: a reader (Oxford: OUP) - 320.54 BEC

Jenkins, R. 1997. Rethinking Ethnicity: arguments and explorations (London: Sage) - 305.8 JEN

 

Essay Question

 

2. The Development of the State

 

Required:

 

*Poggi, R.G. 1978. The Development of the Modern State (London: Hutchinson, 1978) - RAA [Pog] , pp. 20-100, esp. ch. IV

 

Recommended:

*S. D. Krasner. 1988. ‘Sovereignty - An Institutional Perspective’ Comparative Political Studies , Vol. 21 No. 1 1988 pp. 66-94 – SLC PC 3093

*Tilly , Charles (ed). 1975. The Formation of National States in Western Europe ( Princeton : Princeton University Press) esp. conclusion - MAB7 [For] [PC]

*Anderson, Perry. 1979. Lineages of the Absolutist State, (London and New York: Verso) - RBF [And] , esp. ch. 1

*Poggi , R.G. 1978. The Development of the Modern State (London: Hutchinson , 1978) - RAA [Pog]

D. Held et al (eds.). 1983. States and Societies ( Oxford : Robertson)

Flora , P. , S. Kuhnle and D. Urwin (eds). 1999. State Formation , Nation-Building and Mass Politics in Europe : the Theory of Stein Rokkan ( Oxford : OUP) - 320.94 ROK

Tilly , Charles. 1990. Coercion , Capital , and European States , AD 990-1990. ( Cambridge , Massachusetts : B. Blackwell) – [ NIS ]

H. Spruyt. 1994. The Sovereign State and its Competitors. SLC 320.15 SPR

R. Mackenney.1989. The City-State ( Basingstoke : Macmillan) SLC 940.22 MAC

P. Dollinger. 1970. The German Hansa ( London : Macmillan)

J. Miller (ed.). 1990. Absolutism in 17th Century Europe . ( Basingstoke : Macmillan Educuation)

L. Krader. 1968. The Formation of the State ( Englewood Cliffs , N.J. : Prentice-Hall)

M. Mann. 1986. The Sources of Social Power Vol. I : A History of Power from the Beginning to AD 1760 ( Cambridge : Cambridge University Press)

G. Poggi. 1990. The State , its Nature Development and Prospects ( Cambridge : Polity Press)

J.A. Hall (eds). 1986. States in History ( Oxford : Basil Blackwell)

J.A. Hall and J. Ikenberry. 1986. The State ( Milton Keynes : Open University Press)

Q. Skinner. 1989. ‘The State’ , in Ball , Farr and Hanson (eds.) Political Innovation and Conceptual Change ( Cambridge : Cambridge University Press)

M. S. Anderson. 1993. The Rise of Modern Diplomacy 1415-1919 ( London : Longman)

Parodi , C. 2002. The Politics of South American Boundaries ( New York : Praeger) – [ NIS ]

Van Creveld. 1999. The Rise and Decline of the State ( Cambridge : CUP) - 320.109 VAN

*Torpey , J. 2000. The Invention of the Passport: Surveillance , Citizenship and the State ( Cambridge : CUP) – [ NIS ]

 

Essay Question

 

3. The Origin of Ethnic Groups

 

Required:

 

Case: The English from a historicist and instrumentalist perspective

 

*Hastings , Adrian . 1997. The Construction of Nationhood: Ethnicity , Religion and Nationalism ( Cambridge & New York : Cambridge University Press) , ch.2 - 320.54 HAS [PC]

 

vs.

 

*Breuilly , John. 2005. 'Changes in the political uses of the nation: continuity or discontinuity?' in Zimmer , O. and Len Scales (eds). Power and the Nation in History ( Cambridge : CUP) – SLC 940 POW

 

Recommended:

Smith & Hutchinson (eds) , Ethnicity ( Oxford : OUP) , , pp. 83-90 (Instrumentalist) ,

pp. 120-132 (Historical/Perennialist)  - SLC 305.8 ETH

Theoretical Perspectives

Sollors , W. 1996. Theories of Ethnicity ( New York : New York University Press) – [ NIS ]

*Zimmer , O. and Len Scales (eds). 2005. Power and the Nation in History ( Cambridge : CUP)

Instrumentalism

Peel , J.D.Y. 1989. "The Cultural Work of Yoruba Ethnogenesis , " in E. Tonkin , M. McDonald and M. Chapman (eds) , History and Ethnicity ( London : Routledge) - [PC]

Suny , R. G. (2001). 'Constructing primordialism: Old histories for new nations' , Journal of Modern History , 73 , 862-896.

Fearon , J. 1998. "Commitment Problems and the Spread of Ethnic Conflict" in Lake , David and Donald Rothchild. 1998. The International Spread of Ethnic Conflict: fear , diffusion , and escalation ( Princeton , NJ : Princeton University Press)

Laitin , David. 1998. Identity in Formation: The Russian Speaking Populations in the Near Abroad ( Ithaca , NY : Cornell)

Fearon , James and David Laitin (1996) "Explaining Ethnic Cooperation" American Political Science Review (December)

Hitt, J. 'The Newest Indians', New York Times, Aug 21, 2005 - available electronically

Suny , R. G. (1993). The Revenge of the past: Nationalism , revolution , and the collapse of the Soviet Union (Chapter 1). Palo Alto , CA : Stanford University Press.

Brass , P. (1996). 'Ethnic groups and ethnic identity formation , ' in J. Hutchinson & A. Smith (Eds.) , Ethnicity (pp. 85-90). Oxford : Oxford University Press.

Laitin , D. D. (1986). Hegemony and Culture: Politics and religious change among the Yoruba (Chapter 1 , pp. 1-20). ( Chicago : University of Chicago Press)

Slezkine , Y. (1994). 'The USSR as a communal apartment , or how the Soviet state promoted ethnic particularism' , Slavic Review , 53 , 414-52.

Whitmeyer , Joseph M.  2004 'Elites and popular nationalism' , British Journal of Sociology , vol. 53 , no. 3 , pp. 321 -- 341

Ethnosymbolism and Perennialism

*Armstrong , John. 1982. Nations Before Nationalism (Hill: University of North Carolina Press , 1982) , chs. 1 , 3 - 320.5409 ARM

*Smith , Anthony D. 1986. The Ethnic Origins of Nations ( Oxford : Blackwell) , pp. 32-119 - RAA [Smi]

Grosby , S. 1991. 'Religion and Nationality in Antiquity , ' European Journal of Sociology XXXII , pp. 229-65 - [JNIS]

Grosby, S. 1995. 'Territoriality: the transcendental, primordial feature of modern societies,' Nations and Nationalism Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 143-62 - INGENTA

Heather , P. 1998. The Goths ( Oxford : Blackwell)

Heather , P. 1991. Goths and Romans ( Oxford : Clarendon Press; New York : Oxford University Press)

Grosby , Steven. 1997.'Borders , territory and nationality in the ancient Near East and Armenia , ' Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient , Vol. 40 , No.1 – [JNIS]

Diamond, J. 1997. Guns, Germs, and Steel: the Fates of Human Societies. (New York; London: W.W. Norton & Co.), see chapter on the formation of tribes in New Guinea

*Roosens , Eugeen. 1994. 'The primordial nature of origins in migrant ethnicity , ' in Hans Vermeulen and Cora Govers (eds.) The Anthropology of Ethnicity: Beyond 'Ethnic Groups and Boundaries , ' ( Amsterdam : Het Spinhuis) – [ NIS ]

*Smith , A.D. & Hutchinson , J. (eds) , Nationalism ( Oxford : OUP) , pp. 132-54 - 320.54 NAT

Hastings , Adrian . 1997. The Construction of Nationhood: Ethnicity , Religion and Nationalism ( Cambridge & New York : Cambridge University Press) , ch. 6 ( Africa ) - 320.54 HAS [PC]

Reynolds , S. 1984. Kingdoms and Communities in Western Europe , 900-1300 ( Oxford : Clarendon Press) , ch. 8 - 940.1 REY

Mendels , D. 1992. The Rise and Fall of Jewish Nationalism: Jewish and Christian Ethnicity in Ancient Palestine ( New York : Doubleday) , ch.1 – [ NIS ]

Patricia McCrone. 1986. 'The tribe and the state , ' in John Hall (ed) , States in History ( Oxford : Blackwell) – [ NIS ]

Primordialism

*Van den Berghe, Pierre 1978. 'Race and Ethnicity: a sociobiological approach,' Ethnic and Racial Studies vol. 1 no. 4, 1978, pp. 401-411. (and critique by V. Reynolds (1980) in Ethnic and Racial Studies vol. 3, no.3, pp. 303-15)  - CE Library - I33 & Reference

Salter, F. 2001. "A Defense and an Extension of Pierre Van den Berghe's Theory of Ethnic Nepotism", in P. James and D. Goetzee (eds.), Evolutionary Theory and Ethnic Conflict (Westport, CT: Praeger), pp. 39-70 - [NIS]

Cavalli-Sforza, L. L. 1997. 'Genes, Peoples and Languages,' Proceeds of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 94, pp. 7719–7724, July (Colloquium Paper) – [JNIS]

Essay Question

 

4. Theories of Nationalism and Ethnicity

 

Required:

 

Smith A.D. 1995. 'Gastronomy or Geology? The Role of Nationalism in the Reconstruction of Nations,' Nations and Nationalism, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 3-23- INGENTA

Özkirimli U. 2003. 'The nation as an artichoke? A critique of ethnosymbolist interpretations of nationalism,' Nations and Nationalism, vol. 9, iss. 3, pp. 339-355- INGENTA

Smith A.D. (reply to Özkirimli) 2003. 'The poverty of anti-nationalist modernism,' Nations and Nationalism, vol. 9, iss. 3, pp. 357-370- INGENTA

 

 

Podcasts (useful):

My interview with John Hutchinson, LSE, 2006 transcript

Don Doyle's Interview with John Breuilly, LSE, 2006 on H-Nationalism (transcript only, no audio)

Rogers Brubaker - Nationalist politics and everyday ethnicity in a Transylvanian town

 

 

Recommended:

*Ozkirimli, Umut. 2010. Theories of Nationalism: A Critical Introduction (Basingstoke: Macmillan), chs. 1-5 - 320.54 OZK

*Ozkirimli, Umut. 2000. Theories of Nationalism: A Critical Introduction (Basingstoke: Macmillan), ch. 2, pp. 48-63 - 320.54 OZK

*Gellner, Ernest 1983. Nations and Nationalism, (Oxford: Blackwell 1983) chs. 1-5, spe. 2,3 - RAV [Gel]

*Smith, Anthony D. & Hutchinson, J. (eds) 1994. Nationalism (Oxford: OUP), pp. 34-35, 55-69, 76-82, 89-95, 103-112 - 320.54 NAT

*Breuilly, J. 1993. Nationalism and the State, (Manchester: Manchester University Press) chs. 1-2 - 320.54 BRE

*Anderson, Benedict.  [1983] 1991. Imagined Communities,( London: Verso) chs. 1-3 - 320.54 AND

*Hobsbawm, Eric J. 1993. (1990) Nations and Nationalism since 1780 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993) ch. 3 - RAV [Hob] [PC]

Smith, Anthony. 1998. Nationalism and Modernism, (London & New York: Routledge) ch 4 320.5401 SMI

Francis, E.K. 1976. Interethnic Relations, (New York: Elsevier) chs. 6, 7 - slc 305.8 FRA [PC]

Giddens, A. 1985. The Nation-State and Violence, (Cambridge: Polity Press [1985] 1996) ch. 8, and pp. 116-21 - [NIS]

*Smith, A.D. and John Hutchinson (eds). 1994. Nationalism (Oxford: OUP), pp. 196-240 - 320.54 NAT

Spencer, P. and H. Wollmann. 2002. Nationalism: A Critical Introduction (London: Sage), ch. 2 - 320.54 SPE

Debates in Nationalism Theory: When Is the Nation?

*Smith, A.D. and Ernest Gellner. 1995. 'Gellner on Nationalism,' Prospect, December 1995 – [JNIS]

Smith A.D. 1995. 'Gastronomy or Geology? The Role of Nationalism in the Reconstruction of Nations,' Nations and Nationalism, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 3-23- INGENTA

*Gorski, Philip S. 2000. 'The Mosaic Moment: an Early Modernist Critique of Modernist Theories of Nationalism,' American Journal of Sociology, vol. 105, no. 5, pp. 1428-1468 - JSTOR

*Uzelac, G. and A. Ichijo (eds). 2005. When is the Nation?: The Debate (London: Routledge, forthcoming) – [NIS]

Guibernau, M. and J. Hutchinson (eds). 2004. History and National Destiny: Ethnosymbolism and Its Critics (Oxford: Blackwell) – [NIS]

Zimmer, O. and Len Scales (eds). 2005. Power and the Nation in History (Cambridge: CUP, forthcoming), esp. introduction – [NIS]

 

Essay Question

 

5. State Nationalism , Nation-Building and Commemoration

 

Required:

Zimmer , Oliver. 2003. Nationalism in Europe : 1890-1940 ( London : Palgrave/Macmillan) , ch 3, pp. 59-72

 

Recommended:

*Greenfeld , Liah. 1992. Nationalism: Five Roads to Modernity ( Cambridge , MA : Harvard University Press) , pp. 154-88 - slc 320.5409 GRE [PC] 

*Weber , Eugen Joseph. 1976. Peasants into Frenchmen: the modernization of rural Fran ce , 1870-1914. ( Stanford University Press: Stanford , California ) - 944.081 WEB [PC]

*Brubaker , Rogers. 1996. Nationalism Reframed: Nationhood and the National Question in the New Europe ( Cambridge : Cambridge University Press) - 320.540947 BRU

*Mosse , George L.1991. The Nationalization of the Masses: Political Symbolism and Mass Movements in Germany from the Napoleonic Wars through the Third Reich ( Ithaca : Cornell University Press) - RAVk [Mos]

Nora , Pierre . 1996. 'Between Memory and History , ' in P. Nora and L. Kritzman (eds) , Realms of memory: Rethinking the French Past ( New York , NY : Columbia University Press) , vol. 1 (introduction)

Mosse , George L. 1990. Fallen Soldiers: Reshaping the Memory of the World Wars ( New York and Oxford : Oxford University Press) - 303.66094 MOS

Bell , David A. 2001. The Cult of the Nation in Fran ce : Inventing Nationalism , 1680-1800 ( Cambridge , MA : Harvard University Press) - 320.540944 BEL

Neuberger , Benjamin. 1977. 'State and Nation in African Thought , ' Journal of African Studies 4/2 – [JNIS]

Spillman , Lynette P. 1997. Nation and Commemoration : creating national identities in the United States and Australia ( Cambridge : CUP) – [ NIS ]

*Colley , Linda. 1992. Britons: Forging the Nation 1707-1837 ( New Haven and London : Yale University Press) - 941.07 COL

*Bodnar , John. 2000. 'Pierre Nora , National Memory , and Democracy: A Review , ' The Journal of American History , Vol. 87 , No.3  - [JNIS]

Bruckmüller , Ernst. 1993 , 1994. 'The National Identity of the Austrians , ' in Teich , M. and R. Porter (eds) , The National Question in Europe ( Cambridge & New York : Cambridge University Press) , pp. 206-228 - slc RAVd [Tei] [PC]

Birch , A. H. 1989. Nationalism and national integration , ( London : Unwin Hyman) - [ NIS ]

O’Leary , Cecilia Elizabeth. 2001. To Die For: The Paradox of American Patriotism. ( Princeton , NJ : Princeton University Press)

 

Essay Question

 

6. Multi-Ethnic Nations and Multi-National States

 

Required:

 

Connor, Walker. 1994. 'A Nation is a Nation, is a State, is an Ethnic Group, is a ...,' in John Hutchinson and Anthony D. Smith (eds.), Nationalism (Oxford: OUP), pp. 36-45 - 320.54 NAT

 

Recommended:

Smith, Anthony D. 1991. National Identity, (London: Penguin) ch. 5. ('Nations by Design?') - slc 320.54 SMI [PC]

*Kymlicka, W. 1995. Multicultural Citizenship, (Oxford: Oxford University Press) ch.2 - 323.11 KYM

*Francis, E.K. 1976. Interethnic Relations, (New York: Elsevier) pp. 19-24 (Tswana), ch 6, ch 8 (Europe), chs 17-18 (USA) - slc 305.8 FRA [PC]

Kitromilides, P. 1996. 'Orthodoxy and Nationalism,' in Smith, A.D. & Hutchinson, J. (eds), Ethnicity (Oxford: OUP), pp. 202-8 - 305.8 ETH

*Zimmer, Oliver. 2003. Nationalism in Europe: 1890-1940 (London: Palgrave/Macmillan), chs 3 and 4 - 320.54094 ZIM [PC]

Krejci, J. and Velimsky, V. 1996. 'Ethnic and Political Nations in Europe,' in Smith, A.D. & Hutchinson, J. (eds), Ethnicity (Oxford: OUP), pp. 209-21 - 305.8 ETH

Gagnon, Alain-G. and M. Guibernau (eds). 2003. The conditions of diversity in multinational democracies (Montreal : Institute for Research on Public Policy) - [NIS]

Pipes, R. 1964. 'The National Problem in Russia,' in T. Riha (ed), Readings in Russian Civilisation (Chicago & London: self published) - [PC]

 

Essay Question

 

7. Ethnic Nationalism and Ethnic Nations

 

Required:

Smith, Anthony and John Hutchinson (eds), Nationalism (Oxford: OUP), pp. 160-183 - 320.54 NAT

Hofer, Tamas. 1995. 'The "Hungarian Soul" and the "Historic Layers of National Heritage": Conceptualizations of the Hungarian Folk Culture, 1880-1944,' in Ivo Banac and Kathrine Verdery (eds), National Character and National Ideology in Interwar Eastern Europe (New Haven: Yale Center For International and Area Studies), pp. 65-81 - [PC]

 

Podcast (quite useful): My interview with John Hutchinson, LSE, 2006. transcript

 

Recommended:

Greenfeld, Liah. 1992. Nationalism: Five Roads to Modernity, (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press) pp. 352-78 - - slc 320.5409 GRE [PC] 

*Kaufmann, E.P. 2003. 'Ethnic Nationalism,' in Bibliography of Nationalism, Canadian Review of Studies in Nationalism, vol. 30  - [JNIS]

*Smith , Anthony. 1991. National Identity , (London: Penguin 1991) ch.6 - - slc 320.54 SMI [PC]

*Smith , Anthony and John Hutchinson (eds). 1994. Nationalism ( Oxford : OUP) , pp. 103-31  - 320.54 NAT

*Figes, Orlando. 2001. 'What is Russia?,' Prospect, January, pp. 28-32 – [JNIS]

Lind, Michael. 2000. 'National Good,' Prospect, October, pp. 44-49 – [JNIS]

*Hroch , Miroslav. 1985. Social Preconditions of National Revival in Europe ( Cambridge : Cambridge University Press)  - 320.54094 HRO

*Hutchinson , John. 1987. The Dynamics of Cultural Nationalism. ( London : Allen & Unwin) esp. ch.1 - MYBS/I [Hut] - [PC]

Pirie , Donald. 1988. 'The Agony in the Garden: Polish Romanticism , ' in Teich , M. and R. Porter (eds) , Romanticism in National Context ( Cambridge : Cambridge University Press) 809.9145 ROM

Nolte, Claire. 2002. The Sokol in the Czech Lands to 1914: Training for the Nation (New York: Palgrave Macmillan)

*Zimmer , Oliver. 2003. Nationalism in Europe : 1890-1940 ( London : Palgrave/Macmillan) , ch. 3 - 320.54094 ZIM [PC]

Schopflin , George. 1991. 'National Identity in the Soviet Union and East Central Europe , ' Ethnic & Racial Studies , Vol. 14 , No. 1 - CE Library - I33 & Reference

Umbach, M. 2006. 'Germany', in Hewitson, Mark and Timothy Baycroft (eds.). 2004. Nationalism in Europe 1789-1914: Civic and Ethnic Traditions (Oxford: Oxford University Press) - [NIS]

Keating , P. 2002. Nations Against the State: the New Politics of Nationalism in Quebec , Catalonia and Scotland ( Basingstoke : Macmillan) - NIS

*Brubaker , Rogers. 1996.' Nationalising States in the old "New Europe" - and the New' , Ethnic & Racial Studies , Vol. 19 , No. 2 - CE Library - I33 & Reference

Beyen , Marnix. 2005. " Belgium or the Pitfalls of Non-ethnic Nationalism , " in Leos Muller, Leos and Linas Eriksonas (ed). 2006. Statehood Before and Beyond Ethnicity (Berlin: Peter Lang)- [o/o]

*Brown , David. 2000. Contemporary Nationalism: Civic , Ethnocultural , and Multicultural Politics. ( London : Routledge)  - 320.54 BRO

Kissane , Bill. 2000. "Nineteenth-Century Nationalism in Finland and Ireland : A Comparative Analysis." Nationalism & Ethnic Politics 6 , no. 2 , pp. 25-42. - Reference only

Phadnis , U. and R. Ganguly. 2000. Ethnicity and Nation-Building in South Asia ( London : Sage) – [ NIS ]

Doak , Kevin. 1996. 'Ethnic nationalism and Romanticism in early twentieth-century Japan , ' Journal of Japanese Studies , Vol. 22 , No. 1 , pp. 77-103 - JSTOR

Auty , R. 1958. 'The Linguistic Revival Among the Slavs of the Austrian Empire , 1780-1850 , ' Modern Language Review , Vol.8 , No. 3 , pp. 392-404 - PCI Full Text

Connor , Walker. 1994. Ethnonationalism , the Quest for Understanding ( Princeton , N.J. , Princeton University Press) - 323.11 CON

Cultural Revival: Art , Archaeology , Language

*Vaughan , William. 1978. Romantic Art ( London : Thames and Hudson ) , chs.3-4 - 709.0342 VAU

Poulson , Christine. 1999. The Quest for the Grail ( Manchester : Manchester UP) , Introduction and chs.2-4 - 753.709034 POU

*Morowitz , Laura and Elizabeth Emery. 2003. Consuming the past: the medieval revival in fin-de-siècle Fran ce ( Aldershot : Ashgate) – [ NIS ]

*Hassan , Fekri. 1988. "Memorabilia: archaeological materiality and national identity in Egypt , " in Meskell , Lynn (ed).  Archaeology under Fire: Nationalism , Politics and Heritage in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East ( London and New York : Routledge) -  930.101 ARC

Kammen , Michael. 1991. The Mystic Chords of Memory: The Transformation of Tradition in American Culture ( New York , NY : Vintage Books) - 973 KAM

Kendall , Laurel . 1998. 'Who Speaks for Korean Shamans When Shamans Speak of the Nation? , ' in Dru Gladney (ed.) , Making Majorities ( Stanford , CA : Stanford University Press)  - [ NIS ]

Bahrani , Zainab. 1988. "Conjuring Mesopotamia : imaginative geography , " in Meskell , Lynn (ed). Archaeology under Fire: Nationalism , Politics and Heritage in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East ( London and New York : Routledge) -  930.101 ARC

Kohl , Philip and Clara Fawcett (eds). 1995. Nationalism , Politics and the Practice of Archaeology ( Cambridge : C.U.P.)  - [ NIS ]

Jones , Sian . 1997. The Archaeology of Ethnicity ( London and New York : Routledge) - 930.10285 JON [PC]

*Zerubavel , Yael. 1995. Recovered Roots ( Chicago , IL : University of Chicago Press) – [ NIS ]

Takei , Milton. 1998. "Collective Memory as the Key to National and Ethnic Identity: The Case of Cambodia." , Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 4 , no. 3 (1998): 59-78  - Reference only

Schwartz , B. , Barnett and B. Zerubavel. 1986. 'The Recovery of Masada : A Study in Collective Memory , ' Sociological Quarterly 27 , 2 , 147-64 – [JNIS]

*Ben Yehuda , Nachman. 1995. The Masada Myth ( Madison , WI : University of Wisconsin Press)  - 933 BEN

 

Essay Question

 

8.  National Identity: Ethnic or Civic?

 

Required:

Smith , Anthony. 1991. National Identity , ( London : Penguin), pp. 8-18, 79-84 - slc 320.54 SMI [PC]

 

Recommended:

Janmaat, J. 2006. 'Popular conceptions of nationhood in old and new European member states: Partial support for the ethnic-civic framework', Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 29 No. 1 January, pp. 50-78

Kreuzer, Peter. 2006. 'Violent civic nationalism versus civil ethnic nationalism: Contrasting Indonesia and Malay(si)a', National Identities, Vol. 8, No. 1, March, pp. 41-59

*Kohn , Hans. 1944. The Idea of Nationalism: A Study in Its Origins and Background , ( New York : Macmillan) -  320.5409 KOH

*Plamenatz , John 1973. ‘Two Types of Nationalism, ’ in Eugene Kamenka (ed) Nationalism: the Nature and Evolution of an Idea ( Canberra : Australian National Press) – [ NIS ]

*Brubaker , Rogers. 1992. Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany ( Cambridge , MA : Harvard University Press)  - 323.60944 BRU

*Kuzio, Taras. 2002. The myth of the civic state: a critical survey of Hans Kohn’s framework for understanding nationalism, Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 25 No. 1, pp. 20–39 - INGENTA

*Yack , Bernard. 1996. 'The myth of the civic nation' , Critical Review , vol. 10 , nº 2 , pp. 193 – [JNIS]

Alter , Peter. 1985. 'Cultural and Political Nations , ' in Alter , P. Nationalism ( London : Edward Arnold) , pp. 8-12 -  RAV [Alt]

Shulman , S. 2002. 'Challenging the ethnic/civic and West/East dichotomies in the study of nationalism , ' Comparative Political Studies , vol. 35 , no. 5 , pp. 554-85  – [JNIS]

Nielsen , Kai. 1999. ‘Cultural nationalism , neither ethnic nor civic’ in Ronald Beiner (ed) , Theorizing Nationalism , ( Albany : State University of New York Press) , pp. 119-30 – [ NIS ]

Hewitson , Mark and Timothy Baycroft (eds.). 2004. Nationalism in Europe 1789-1914: Civic and Ethnic Traditions ( Oxford : Oxford University Press) - [ NIS ]

Zimmer, O. 2003. 'Boundary mechanisms and symbolic resources: towards a process- oriented approach to national identity', Nations and nationalism, Apr 2003, Vol.9, No.2, pp.173-193- INGENTA

Kaufmann, Eric. 2000.  Ethnic or civic nation? Theorizing the American case , Canadian Review of Studies in Nationalism, vol. 27, nos. 1-2, pp. 133-55 - [JNIS]

Roshwald, Aviel. 2006. The Endurance of Nationalism: Ancient Roots and Modern Dilemmas (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), ch. 5

Meadwell, H. 1988. 'Cultural and Instrumental Approaches to Ethnic Nationalism,' Ethnic and Racial Studies, vol.12. - CE Library - I33 & Reference

Shulman, Stephen. 2004. ‘The contours of civic and ethnic national identification in Ukraine’, Europe-Asia Studies, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 35-56 - INGENTA

Shulman S. 2002. Sources of Civic and Ethnic Nationalism in Ukraine, The Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics, December, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 1-30 - INGENTA

*Hjerm , Mikael. 2003.  National sentiments in Eastern and Western Europe , Nationalities Papers , vol. 31 , no. 4 , pp. 413-29 - [PC]

Ignatieff , Michael. 1994. Blood and Belonging. Journeys into the New Nationalism , ( London : Vintage) - 320.54 IGN

Smith , Anthony. 1991. National Identity , ( London : Penguin) ch.6 - slc 320.54 SMI [PC]  

Wiborg , Susanne. 2000.  Political and cultural nationalism in education. The ideas of Rousseau and Herder concerning national education , ' Comparative Education , vol. 36 , no. 2 , pp. 235-43 - [JNIS]

Behr , Michelle et al. 2002.  'Who is Hungarian? Attitudes toward immigration , ethnicity and nationality in rural Hungary , ' East European Quarterly , vol. 36 , no. 3 , pp. 281-99 – Reference only

Bauman , Zygmunt ‘Intellectuals in East-Central Europe : Continuity and Change , East European Politics and Societies , vol.1 , no.2 (Spring 1987) , pp. 162-186- [JNIS]

*Kaufmann, E. and O. Zimmer. 2004. 'Dominant ethnicity' and the 'ethnic-civic' dichotomy in the work of Anthony D. Smith,' Nations and Nationalism, Jan-Apr 2004, Vol.10, No.1-2, pp.63-78 (see Zimmer's contribution on ethnic-civic) - INGENTA

Greenfeld, Liah and Chirot, Daniel. 1994.  'Nationalism and aggression,' Theory and society, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 79-103 - JSTOR

Schöpflin, George. 2000. Nations, identity, power : the new politics of Europe (London: Hurst) - 320.54094 SCH

Kaufmann, E. P. 2002. 'The Ethnic Origins of the American Nation,' Geopolitics, vol. 7, no. 2 (Autumn 2002), pp. 99-120 – [JNIS]  

Kaufmann , E. 1998. ' "Naturalizing the Nation": the Rise of Naturalistic Nationalism in the United States and Canada , ' Comparative Studies in Society and History , vol. 40 , no. 4 , pp. 666-695

Kaufmann , E. and O. Zimmer. 1998. 'In Search of the Authentic Nation: Landscape and National Identity in Canada and Switzerland , ' Nations & Nationalism , vol. 4 , part 4 , pp. 483-510

Huntington , S. 2004. Who Are We? The Cultural Core of American National Identity ( New York & London : Simon and Schuster) , ch. 9 ('Mexican Immigration and Hispanicization')

Krejci, Yaroslav and Velimsky, Viteslav. 1981. Ethnic and Political Nations in Europe (London: Croom Helm) – [NIS]

 

Essay Question

 

9. The Ethics of Nationalism: Citizenship , Immigration , Multiculturalism and National Identity

 

Required:

Kymlicka, W. [1991] 1995. 'Liberalism and the Politicization of Ethnicity,' in Stapleton, J. and A. Pyle (eds), Group Rights (Bristol: Thoemmes Press), pp. 233-257  - [PC]

Nathanson, S. 1997. 'Nationalism and the Limits of Global Humanism,' in McKim, Robert and Jeff McMahan (eds.), The Morality of Nationalism (New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press), ch. 11 -  [PC]  

Recommended:

*Waldron, Jeremy. 1995. 'Minority Cultures and the Cosmopolitan Alternative,' in Will Kymlicka (ed), The Rights of Minority Cultures (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995), pp. 93-119-  [PC]

*Parekh , B. 2000. Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory ( Basingstoke : Macmillan) - 306 PAR

*Kukathas , C. 2003. The Liberal Archipelago: a theory of diversity and freedom ( Oxford : Oxford University Press) – [ NIS ]

*McKim , Robert and Jeff McMahan (eds.) 1997. The Morality of Nationalism (New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press) – [ NIS ]

Seglow , J. 2006. 'The Ethics of Immigration , ' Political Studies Review , Vol. 3 , No. 3 , pp. 317-34

*Kymlicka , Will. (ed). 1995. The Rights of Minority Cultures ( Oxford : Oxford University Press) - RAG [Kym]

*Kymlicka , Will. 1995. Multicultural Citizenship ( Oxford : Oxford University Press) - 323.11 KYM

Barry , Brian. 2000. Culture and Equality: An Egalitarian Critique of Multiculturalism ( Cambridge : Polity) – [ NIS ]

*Kaufmann, Eric. 2000. 'Liberal Ethnicity: Beyond Liberal Nationalism and Minority Rights,' Ethnic and Racial Studies, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 1086-1119- INGENTA

*Habermas , Jurgen. 1992. 'Citizenship and National Identity: Some Reflections on the Future of Europe , ' Praxis International , 12 (1992-3) , 1-19 – [JNIS]

*Tamir , Yael. 1993. Liberal Nationalism ( Princeton : Princeton University Press) – [ NIS ]

Miller, D. 2005. 'Crooked Timber or Bent Twig?: Isaiah Berlin's Nationalism', Political Studies, pp. 100-123 -

Mason , Andy. 1999. 'Political Community , Liberal-Nationalism and the Ethics of Assimilation , ' Ethics 109 (Jan 1999) , pp. 261-86 – Reference only

*Miller , David. 1995. On Nationality ( Oxford : Clarendon Press) - 320.15 MIL

Frost, Catherine. 2006. Morality and Nationalism (London: Routledge)

Fish , Stanley . 1998. 'Boutique Multiculturalism , ' in Arthur M. Melzer , Jerry W. Weinberger & M. Richard Zinman (eds.) , Multiculturalism and American Democracy ( Lawrence : University Press of Kansas ) - 305.800973 MUL

*Walzer , Michael. 1994. 'Comment , ' in Taylor , Charles , Multiculturalism and The Politics of Recognition: An Essay , with commentary by Amy Gutmann , editor...[et al.]. ( Princeton , N.J: Princeton University Press) , p. 99 - RBOb [ Tay ]

Jones , C. 2001. Global Justice: Defending Cosmopolitanism ( Oxford : OUP) – [ NIS ]

Philpott, Daniel. (ed.) 2006. The Politics of Past Evil: Religion, Reconciliation and the Dilemmas of Transitional Justice (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press)

Essay Question

 

10. Britishness, Englishness and the UK Multiculturalism Debate

 

Required:

 

Meer, Nasar and Tariq Modood. 2009. 'The Multicultural State We're In: Muslims, 'Multiculture' and the 'Civic Re-Balancing' of British Multiculturalism', Political Studies, 57, 3 (Oct), pp. 473-97

Gordon Brown, 'The Future of Britishness', speech to Fabian Society, 14 January 2006

Bernard Crick v Kenan Malik: 'What Should Integration Mean in Britain Today?' JCWI Bulletin , Winter 2005/ 2006 <http://www.kenanmalik.com/debates/crick_jcwi.html>

 

Podcasts

Trevor Phillips discusses community cohesion

The New Politics of Identity - David Goodhart, Bhikhu Parekh, John Keane

 

Recommended:

 

Pro-Multiculturalism

Modood , T. 2006. 'A Defence of Multiculturalism , ' Soundings , Issue 29 , April , pp. 62-71 [PC]

Parekh, Bhikhu. 2000. The Future of Multi-Ethnic Britain: the report of the Commission on the Future of Multi-Ethnic Britain (London: Profile Books) - Introduction & Conclusions  -  [PC] http://www.runnymedetrust.org/projects/meb/report.html

Modood, T. 2006. Multicultural Politics: Racism, Ethnicity and Muslims in Britain (University of Minnesota Press & Edinburgh University Press)

Modood, T. 2003. 'Muslims and the Politics of Difference', Political Quarterly, vol. 74 (1), pp. 100-115.

al-Maktabi. 2005. 'A letter to Trevor Phillips, Chair of the CRE', Salaam < http://www.salaam.co.uk/maktabi/deartrevor.html>

Hansen, Randall. 2000. Citizenship and Immigration in Post-War Britain: the institutional origins of a multicultural nation (Oxford: Oxford University Press)

Pilkington, Andrew. 2002. Racial Disadvantage and Ethnic Diversity in Britain (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan)

 

Anti-Multiculturalism:

Blunkett , Sir David. 2005. 'New Challenges for Race Equality and Community Cohesion in the 21st Century' , 7 July 2005 , Institute of Public Policy Research -

Reaction to Parekh: 'No to rethink on British identity' , BBC News , Wednesday , 11 October , 2000 , 15:53 GMT 16:53

Race body snubs 'un-British' work: The Commission for Racial Equality (CRE) is blocking grants to ethnic minority projects that fail to promote "Britishness" and integration,' BBC Saturday, 10 April, 2005 <http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/3615379.stm>

Goodhart , D. 2006. 'It's Paranoia , Not Islamophobia , ' Guardian , 15 July 2006

Wolfe, Alan and Jytte Klausen. 2000. 'Other People,' Prospect, December, pp. 28-33 - [PC]

Bhatt, Ashish. 2000. 'Race and Reality,' Prospect, May, pp. 65-66 - [PC]

Phillips, Trevor. 2005. ‘Multiculturalism’s legacy is “have a nice day” racism’, Guardian, 28.5.

Alibhai-Brown, Yasmin. 2000. After Multiculturalism (London: The Foreign Policy Centre)

Alibhai-Brown, Yasmin. 1999. True Colours: Public Attitudes To Multiculturalism and The Role of Government (London: Institute for Public Policy Research)

 

Britishness & Englishness

'Britain Rediscovered': Roundtable on Britishness with Gordon Brown, Prospect, April 2006 - Lexis-Nexis

Colley, Linda. 1992. Britons. Forging the Nation 1707-1837 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press)

'Britain Rediscovered': Roundtable on Britishness with Gordon Brown, Prospect, April 2006

Gilroy, Paul. 2005. After Empire: melancholia or convivial culture? (London; New York: Routledge)

Colls, R. 2005. Identity of England (Oxford: Oxford University Press)

Hart, C. (ed). 2003. Approaches to Englishness: Past, Present and Future (U.Central England Health & Social Care Research Centre)

 

Essay Question

 

 

Part II

 

11. Secession and Self-Determination

 

Required:

 

Horowitz, D. 1994. 'The Logic of Secessions,' in Smith, Anthony and John Hutchinson (eds), Nationalism (Oxford: OUP), pp. 261-68 - 320.54 NAT

Mayall, J. 1994. 'Irredentist and Secessionist Challenges,' in Smith, Anthony and John Hutchinson (eds), Nationalism (Oxford: OUP), pp. 269-79 - 320.54 NAT

Wiberg, Hakan. 1996. 'Self-Determination as an International Issue,' in Smith, Anthony and John Hutchinson (eds), Ethnicity (reader), pp. 321-25 - 305.8 ETH

 

 

Podcasts (somewhat useful):

Russia-Georgia Conflict I (Charles King)

Russia-Georgia Conflict II (Cory Welt)

 

 

Recommended:

Causes of Secession & Secessionist and Irridentist Mobilisation

*Horowitz, Donald L. 1985 Ethnic Groups in Conflict, (Berkeley: University of California Press) ch. 6   - 305.8 HOR – [PC]

*Smith, Anthony D. 1991 National Identity (London: Penguin 1991) ch. 6: Separatism and multi-nationalism, pp. 123-42 - slc 320.54 SMI [PC]

*Francis, E.K. 1976. Interethnic Relations, (New York, NY: Elsevier Scientific) pp. 107-15 - slc 305.8 FRA [PC]

*Gurr, T. and B. Harff. 2003. Ethnic conflict in world politics (2nd ed) (Boulder, CO: Westview Press), chs. 5-6  - KDJ [Gur]

Cases of Secessionist and Irridentist Mobilisation

Singh, Gurhapal. 1993. 'Ethnic Conflict in India: a case study of Punjab,' in O'Leary, B. & John McGarry (eds). 1993. The Politics of Ethnic Conflict Regulation (New York & London: Routledge), pp. 84-105  - slc KDJ [Mac] [PC]

Glenny, Misha. 1996. The Fall of Yugoslavia (London: Penguin) - 949.703 GLE

Rothchild, Donald. 1995. 'Ethnic Bargaining and State Breakdown in Africa,' Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 1, no. 1 (1995): 54-72. - Reference only

Conversi, Daniele. 1997. The Basques, the Catalans, and Spain: Alternative Routes to Nationalist Mobilization (London: Hurst) - 320.540946 CON

Self-Determination Norms in International Law & Political Theory

*Jackson-Preece, J. 1997. 'National Minority Rights vs. State Sovereignty: Changing Norms in International Relations?,' Nations and Nationalism, vol. 3, part 3 - INGENTA

*Mayall, J. 1991. 'Non-Intervention, Self-Determination and the 'New World Order',' International Affairs, (July 1991) – JSTOR

Horowitz, Donald L. 1997. 'Self-Determination: Politics, Philosophy, and Law,' in Ian Shapiro and Will Kymlicka (eds.), Ethnicity and Group Rights (New York: New York University Press) - 305.8 ETH

Buchanan, Allen. 1991. Secession. The Morality of Political Divorce from Fort Sumter to Lithuania and Quebec (Boulder, CO: Westview Press) – [NIS]

 

Essay Question

 

12. Nationalism , Ethnic Parties and Democratisation

 

Required:

Snyder, Jack L. 2000. From voting to violence: democratization and nationalist conflict (New York: W W Norton), ch. 1 - [PC]

 

 

Podcasts (moderately useful): Is Democracy Possible in Fragile States? - Professors Teddy Brett, Paul Collier and James Robinson, LSE 2010

 

Recommended:

*Zakaria F. 1997.The Rise of Illiberal Democracy, Foreign Affairs, vol. 76, no. 6, pp. 22-43 - Business Source Premier

*Horowitz, Donald L. 1985 Ethnic Groups in Conflict (Berkeley: University of California Press), chs. 7 - 305.8 HOR – [PC]

*Horowitz, Donald L. 1985 Ethnic Groups in Conflict (Berkeley: University of California Press), ch. 8 - 305.8 HOR – [PC]

Nationalism and Democracy: Flip Sides of the Same Coin?

*Spencer , P. and H. Wollmann. 2002. Nationalism: A Critical Introduction ( London : Sage) , ch. 5 ('nationalism and democracy') - 320.54 SPE

*Horowitz , Donald L. 1985. Ethnic Groups in Conflict ( Berkeley : University of California Press)  - 305.8 HOR – [PC]

*Snyder , Jack L. 2000. From voting to violence: democratization and nationalist conflict ( New York : W W Norton) - [PC]

*Wimmer , Andreas. 2002. Nationalist Exclusion and Ethnic Conflict: Shadows of Modernity. ( Cambridge , UK , Cambridge University Press) , esp. ch. 3 – [ NIS ]

*Norris , Pippa and Mattes , Robert. 2003. "Does Ethnicity Determine Support for the Governing Party? The Structural and Attitudinal Basis of Partisan Identification in 12 African Nations" (February 2003). KSG Working Paper Series No. RWP03-009. http://ssrn.com/abstract=385209

Mozaffar , Shaheen , James R. Scarritt , and Glen Galaich. 2003. “Electoral Institutions , Ethnopolitical Cleavages , and Party Systems in Africa ’s Emerging Democracies.” American Political Science Review 97(August):379–90.

*Conversi , Daniele. 1997. The Basques , the Catalans , and Spain : Alternative Routes to Nationalist Mobilization. ( London : Hurst ) , ch. 6 - 320.540946 CON

* Linz , Juan J. and Alfred Stepan. 1996. Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation : Southern Europe , South America , and Post-Communist Europe . ( Baltimore : Johns Hopkins ) Chs. 1 and 2 - 321.809045 LIN

*Mansfield, Edward D. and Jack Snyder. 1995. ' Democratization and the Danger of War,' International Security, Vol. 20, No. 1. pp. 5-38  - JSTOR

Mann, M. 2004. The Dark Side of Democracy: Explaining Ethnic Cleansing (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) - [NIS] - see also symposium on the book in volume 4, 2006 of Political Studies Review

Rothschild, Joseph, Ethnopolitics: a Conceptual Framework (New York: Columbia University Press, 1981) – [NIS]

Esman, Milton J. 1994. Ethnic Politics (Ithaca: Cornell University Press) – [NIS]

Glickman, Harvey (ed.). 1995. Ethnic Conflict and Democratisation in Africa (Atlanta, GA: African Studies Association Press) – [NIS]

Ottaway, M. 1994. Democratization and ethnic nationalism: African and Eastern European experiences (Overseas Development Council) – [NIS]

Harris, Erika. 2002. Nationalism and Democratisation:  the politics of Slovakia and Slovenia (Aldershot and Burlington, VT: Ashgate) – [NIS]

Tismaneanu, V.  1998. Fantasies of salvation: Democracy, nationalism and myth in post-communist Europe (Princeton ; Chichester : Princeton University Press). – [NIS]

MacFarlane, S. 1997. 'Democratization, nationalism and regional security in the Southern Caucasus,' Government and Opposition Vol. 32 (3): 399-420 - Reference only

O' Leary, B. 1997. 'On the Nature of Nationalism: A Critical Appraisal of Ernest Gellner's Writings on Nationalism,' British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 27, No. 2 - JSTOR

Matic, D. 1999. 'Understanding the Role of Nationalism in New Democracies,' Collegium Antropologicum, Vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 231-24 – [JNIS]

*Ringmar, E. 1998. 'Nationalism: the idiocy of intimacy,' British Journal of Socioliogy, Vol. 49, No. 4, pp. 534-549 - Business Source Premier

Keller , J. 1992. 'Nationalism as an unintended consequence of the democratization of society , ' Sociologicky Casopis , Vol. 28 , No. 1 , pp. 38-48 – [JNIS]

Calhoun C. 1993. 'Nationalism And Civil-Society - Democracy , Diversity And Self-Determination , ' International Sociology , Vol. 8 , No. 4 , pp. 387-411 – [JNIS]

Denitch , B. 1996. 'National identity , Politics and Democracy , ' Social Science Information , Vol. 35 , No. 3 , pp. 459-483 – [JNIS]

Zuo , J. and R. Benford. 1995. 'Mobilization Processes and the 1989 Chinese Democracy Movement , ' Sociological Quarterly , Vol. 36 , No. 1 , pp. 131-156 – [JNIS]

Pfaff , S. 2002. Nationalism , charisma , and plebiscitary leadership: The problem of democratization in Max Weber's political sociology , Sociological Inquiry , Vol. 72 , No. 1 , pp. 81-107 – [JNIS]

Hansen , T.B. 2001. The saffron wave: Democracy and Hindu nationalism in modern India ( New Delhi and Oxford : OUP) - 294.550954 HAN

Corbridge S and Harriss J. 2000. Reinventing India : Liberalization , Hindu nationalism and popular democracy ( Cambridge : Polity) – [ NIS ]

Rizman , R. 2000. 'The relevance of nationalism for democratic citizenship , ' Javnost-The Public , Vol. 7 , No. 1 , pp. 5-13 – [JNIS]

Forsythe, David P. 1992. 'Democracy, war and covert action,' Journal of Peace Research, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 385-95 - JSTOR

Nationalism vs. Democracy

*Oommen, T. K. 1994. ' Religious Nationalism and Democratic Polity - The Indian Case,' Sociology of Religion, Vol. 55, No. 4, pp. 455-472 - G6(Vernon)

*Dzur, A.W. 2002. 'Nationalism, liberalism, and democracy,' Political Research Quarterly, Vol. 55, No. 1, pp. 191-211 – [JNIS]

Nedelsky N. 2003. 'Constitutional nationalism's implications for minority rights and democratization: the case of Slovakia,' Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 102-128 - INGENTA

Berezin, M. 1999. 'Democracy and its others in a global polity - Introduction,' International Sociology, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 227-243 – [JNIS]

Ward, M. and K. Gleditsch. 1998. 'Democratising for Peace,' American Political Science Review, Vol. 92, No. 1, pp. 51-61 - JSTOR

Starr, Harvey. 1997. 'Democracy and integration: Why democracies don't fight each other,' Journal of Peace Research, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 153-62 - JSTOR

Essay Question

 

13. Nationalism and War: When Does Nationalism Turn Violent?

 

Required:

Intro, Hoeffler, Anke and William Zartman, debate the theme of 'Greed and Grievance in Civil War,' Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, pp. 271-285, 298-307

Kaufman, Stuart J. 2006. 'Symbolic Politics or Rational Choice? Testing Theories of Extreme Ethnic Violence.' International Security, Volume 30, Number 4, Spring 2006, pp. 45-86

 

 

Podcast (somewhat useful): Genocide

 

Recommended:

Ethnic Violence

*Gurr, T. and B. Harff. 2003. Ethnic conflict in world politics (2nd ed) (Boulder, CO: Westview Press), ch. 5 (Conflict and Mobilization)  - KDJ [Gur]

* Fearon, J. and D. Laitin. 2003. 'Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War', American Political Science Review 97, 1 (February 2003), 75-90

*Wolff, S. and Karl Cordell. 2006. Ethnic Conflict (Cambridge: Polity)

Mann, M. 2004. The Dark Side of Democracy: Explaining Ethnic Cleansing (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) - [NIS] - see also symposium on the book in volume 4, 2006 of Political Studies Review

*Horowitz, Donald L. 1985. Ethnic Groups in Conflict (Berkeley: University of California Press), chs. 11-12  - 305.8 HOR – [PC]

Gurr, Ted Robert and Anne Pitsch. 2003. "Ethnopolitical Conflict and Separatist Violence," in Wilhelm Heitmeyer and John Hagan (eds.), The International Handbook of Violence Research (Dordrecht, London: Kluwer) – [JNIS]

*Horowitz, D. 2001. The Deadly Ethnic Riot (Berkeley: University of California Press), esp. ch. 13  - [PC]

Newman, Saul and Piroth, Scott. 1996. "Terror and Tolerance: The Use of Ballots, Bombs and Bullets by Ethnoregional Movements in Advanced Industrial Democracies." Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 2, no. 3: 381-414.  - Reference only

Dassel, K.1998. 'Civilians, Soldiers and Strife: Domestic Sources of International Aggression,' International Security, Vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 107-140 - JSTOR

Hechter, Michael. 1995. 'Explaining nationalist violence,' Nations and Nationalism, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 53-68- INGENTA

Conversi, Daniele. 1997. The Basques, the Catalans, and Spain: Alternative Routes to Nationalist Mobilization. (London: Hurst), ch. 9 - 320.540946 CON

Genocide & Ethnic Cleansing

*Palmer, Alison. 'Colonial and Modern Genocide: Explanations and Categories.' Ethnic and Racial Studies, 21:1 (January 1998), pp. 89-115 - INGENTA

*Cigar, N. 1995. Genocide in Bosnia: the policy of "ethnic cleansing" (College Station: Texas A & M University Press) – [NIS]

Adanir, F. (2001). 'Armenian deportations and massacres in 1915,' in D. Chirot & M. E. P. Seligman (Eds.), Ethnopolitical warfare: Causes, consequences, and possible solutions (Washington, DC: American Psychological Association), pp. 71-81 - [PC]

American Psychological Association), pp. 71-81 - [PC]

Kiernan, B. (2001). ‘The ethnic element in the Cambodian genocide,’ in D. Chirot & M. E. P. Seligman (Eds.), Ethnopolitical warfare: Causes, consequences, and possible solutions  (Washington, DC: American Psychological Association) pp. 83-91 - [PC]

Prunier, G. (2001). Genocide in Rwanda,’ in D. Chirot & M. E. P. Seligman (Eds.), Ethnopolitical warfare: Causes, consequences, and possible solutions (Washington, DC: American Psychological Association) pp. 109-116 - [PC]

Birch, Julian. 1995. "Ethnic Cleansing in the Caucasus." Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 1, no. 4: 90-107  - Reference only

 

Essay Question

 

14. 'The View from Ground Level' - Microfoundations of Civil War: Outbidding, Spoilers, Militias

 

Required:

           

Kalyvas, Stathis N. 2003. “The Ontology of ‘Political Violence’: Action and Identity in Civil Wars.” Perspectives on Politics 1 (3): 475-94.

 

 

Podcasts (useful):

Stathis Kalyvas - Microfoundations of Conflict

 

 

Recommended:

Microfoundations of Civil War (Rational Choice Perspectives)

Horowitz, D. L. (1985). Ethnic Groups in Conflict. Berkeley, University of California Press., chs. 8 and 12.

Bakke, Kristin. 2009. ' Shirts Today, Skins Tomorrow: The Effects of Fragmentation on Civil War Processes and Outcomes', ISA conference paper (forthcoming in Journal of Conflict Resolution, 2012)

*Weinstein, Jeremy. 2007. Inside Rebellion: The Politics of Insurgent Violence. New York: Cambridge University Press.

*Collier, P. and A. Hoeffler (2004). "Greed and grievance in civil war." Oxford Economic Papers-New Series 56(4): 563-595.

*Kalyvas, Stathis N. 2006. The Logic of Violence in Civil War. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Kaufman, Stuart J. 2006. 'Symbolic Politics or Rational Choice? Testing Theories of Extreme Ethnic Violence.' International Security, Volume 30, Number 4, Spring 2006, pp. 45-86 Kaufmann C. 1996. “Possible and Impossible Solutions to Ethnic Civil Wars.” International Security 20 (4): 136–7.

Stathis N. Kalyvas and Matthew Adam Kocher. 2007. Ethnic Cleavages and Irregular

War: Iraq and Vietnam. Politics and Society, 35:2, 183-223.

Nicolas Sambanis. 2001. “Do Ethnic and Nonethnic Civil Wars Have the Same

Causes?” Journal of Conflict Resolution. 45(4): 259-82.

Shapiro, Jacob. 2007. “Terrorist Organizations’ Vulnerabilities and Inefficiencies: A Rational Choice Perspective,” in Jeanne Giraldo and Harold Trinkunas (eds.), Terrorism Financing and State Responses: A Comparative Perspective, Stanford: Stanford University Press.

 

Ethnic Outbidding and Spoilers (non-RCT pespectives):

*Stuart J. Kaufman, Modern Hatreds: The Symbolic Politics of Ethnic War (New York: Cornell University Press, 2001). esp. Chapters 1 and 2.

*Stephen Stedman, “Spoiler Problems in Peace Processes,” International Security 22 (2) (Autumn 1997): 5-53.

*Mitchell, P, Evans, G and B. O'Leary. 2009. 'Extremist Outbidding in Ethnic Party Systems is Not Inevitable: Tribune Parties in Northern Ireland', Political Studies, 57, 2, pp 397-421

*Toft, Monica Duffy. 2006. “Indivisible Territory, Geographic Concentration, and Ethnic War.” Security Studies 12 (2): 82-119.

Greenhill, Kelly M., and Solomon Major. 2007. “The Perils of Profiling: Civil War Spoilers and the Collapse of Intrastate Peace Accords.” International Security 31 (3): 7-40.

Bloom, M. 2004. 'Palestinian suicide bombing: public support, market share, and outbidding, Political Science Quarterly, vol 119,: 1, pp. 61-88

 

Essay Question

 

15. Ethnic Conflict Regulation II: Consociationalism and Electoral Engineering

 

Required

Woods, Eric, Robert Schertzer and Eric Kaufmann. 2012. 'Introduction: Ethno-national Conflict and its management,' in Eric Woods et. al, Nationalism and Conflict Management (Abingdon: Routledge), pp. 1-9

Nagle, J. 2011. ' Constructing a Shared Public Identity in Ethnonationally Divided Societies: Comparing Consociational and Transformationist Perspectives', Nations and Nationalism

Dixon, P. 2011. ' The Politics of Conflict: A Constructivist Critique of Consociational and Civil Society Theories,' Nations and Nationalism (critique of Nagle, same issue).

 

Podcasts (generally useful)

Electoral systems and consociationalism

N. Ireland, Good Friday and power sharing

Ten Years After the Good Friday Agreement (B. O'Leary and others)

Ottoman Millet system, religion and power sharing

Cyprus: the Settlement Process, Mehmet Ali Talat

Kirkuk and power sharing

O'Leary, B. How to Get out of Iraq with Integrity

Do power-sharing institutions work?

Balkans and power sharing

Iraq and power sharing

 

Recommended:

*Lijphart, Arend.1977. 'Consociational Democracy,' (Ch.2), in Arend Lijphart, Democracy in Plural Societies. A Comparative Exploration (New Haven & London: Yale University Press, 1977) pp. 25-52 - RBO [Lij]

*Norris, P. 2005. 'Ethnic pluralism and consociational democracy revisited', paper presented at the American Political Science Association meetings - available electronically

*McGarry, John and Brendan O'Leary. 2006. 'Consociational Theory, Northern Ireland's Conflict, and its Agreement 2. What Critics of Consociation Can Learn from Northern Ireland', Government and Opposition, Vol. 41, Issue 2, pp. 249-277

*Horowitz, Donald L. 1985 Ethnic Groups in Conflict, ch. 7: Ethnic Parties and Party Systems, pp. 291-364; and ch. 14: Ethnic Policy: The Constraints and the Opportunities, pp. 563-76   - 305.8 HOR – [PC]

*Wolff, Stefan. 2007. Conflict Resolution Between Power Sharing and Power Dividing, or Beyond?, Political Studies Review, Vol. 5, pp. 377-393 (review of three recent books on the subject)

*Lijphart, A. (1969). 'Consociational democracy,' World Politics, Vol. 21, pp. 207-225 - JSTOR

*Lustick, I. S. (1997). 'Lijphart, Lakatos, and Consociationalism,' World Politics, Vol. 50, pp. 88-117 - JSTOR

*Lustick, I. (1979). 'Stability in deeply divided societies: Consociationalism versus Control,' World Politics, Vol. 31, pp. 325-44 - JSTOR

Bogaards, M. 2003. ‘Electoral Choices for Divided Societies: Multi-Ethnic Parties and Constituency Pooling in Africa’, Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, 41(3), pp.59-80 – Reference only

Dixon, P. 2003. 'Con-Sociationalism: All Things to All People,' working paper – [JNIS]

B. O’Leary. 1997. ‘The Conservative Stewardship of Northern Ireland, 1979-97: Sound-bottomed Contradictions or Slow Learning’, Political Studies, vol. XLV - INGENTA

Wantchekon , L. 2002. 'Power-sharing Agreements as Political Risk-Sharing Contracts , ' unpublished paper , pp. 1-7- available electronically

Steiner, Jurg. 1990. 'Power-Sharing: Another Swiss 'Export Product'?' in Joseph V. Montville  (ed.) Conflict and Peacemaking in Multiethnic Societies. (Lexington, MA: Lexington Books), pp. 107-114 – [O/O]

*Bogaards, M. 1998. ‘The Favorable Factors for Consociational Democracy: A Review’, European Journal of Political Research, 33(4), pp.475-496 – Reference only

Noel, S.J.R. 1993. 'Canadian Responses to Ethnic Conflict: consociationalism, federalism and control,' in O'Leary, B & John McGarry (eds). 1993. The Politics of Ethnic Conflict Regulation (New York & London: Routledge), pp. 41-61 - slc KDJ [Mac] [PC]

Mauzy, Diane. 1993. 'Malay Political Hegemony and "coercive consociationalism" ' in O'Leary, B & John McGarry (eds). 1993. The Politics of Ethnic Conflict Regulation, (New York & London: Routledge) pp. 106-127 - slc KDJ [Mac] [PC]

Covell, Maureen. 1993. 'Belgium: the variability of ethnic relations,' in O'Leary, B. & John McGarry (eds). 1993. The Politics of Ethnic Conflict Regulation (New York & London: Routledge) pp. 275-95 - slc KDJ [Mac] [PC]

Njoku, Raphael Chijioke. "Consociationalism: Its Relevance for Nigeria." Nationalism & Ethnic Politics 5, no. 2 (1999), pp. 1-35- Reference only

Ejobowah, John Boye. 2000. 'Political Recognition of Ethnic Pluralism: Lessons from Nigeria.' Nationalism & Ethnic Politics 6, no. 3 (2000), pp. 1-18 - Reference only

Dixon, Paul. 1997. 'Consociationalism and the Northern Ireland Peace Process: The Glass Half Full or Half Empty.', Nationalism and Ethnic Politics Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 20-36  - Reference only

 

Essay Question

·         What is the best approach for managing ethno-national conflict in divided societies?

 

16. Majority Ethnic Groups and the Majority Nationalism of the Far Right

 

Required:

 

Kaufmann, E. P. 2004. "Dominant ethnicity: from background to foreground," in Eric Kaufmann (ed.), Rethinking Ethnicity: Majority Groups and Dominant Minorities (London: Routledge), pp. 1-14 - 305.8 RET [PC]

Betz, H. and S. Immerfall. 1998. The New Politics of the Right: neo-Populist parties and movements in established democracies (New York: St. Martin's), ch. 1 - [NIS]

 

Recommended:

 

*Overview: http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/in_depth/europe/2000/far_right/

*Bale, T. 2003. 'Cinderella and Her Ugly Sisters: the mainstream and extreme right in Europe's bipolarising party systems,' West European Politics, Vol.26, No.3, pp.67-90 – Reference only

*Betz, H. and S. Immerfall. 1998. The New Politics of the Right: neo-Populist parties and movements in established democracies (New York: St. Martin's) – [NIS]

*Hainsworth, P. (ed). 2000. The Politics of the Extreme Right (London and New York: Pinter) – [NIS]

Kitschelt, Herbert. 1996. The Radical Right in Western Europe: A Comparative Analysis (Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press) - 324.24038 KIT [PC]

*Grunberg, G. and E. Schweisguth. 2003. 'French Political Space: two, three or four blocs?,' French Politics, Vol.1, No.3, pp.331-348 – Reference only

*Ignazi, P. 2003. Extreme Right Parties in Western Europe (Oxford: Oxford University Press) – [NIS]

Gibson R., I. McAllister and T. Swenson. 2002. 'The politics of race and immigration in Australia: One Nation voting in the 1998 Election,' Ethnic and Racial Studies, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 823-844 - Ingenta

Atkin, N. and F. Tallatt. 2002. The Right in France: Nationalism and the State (London: Tauris) – [NIS]

Brinks, J. and D. Binder. 2000. Children of a New Fatherland: Germany's Post-War Right-Wing Politics (London: St. Martin's) – [NIS]

Arnold, Edward J. (ed). 2000. The Development of the Radical Right in France: From Boulanger to Le Pen (New York: St. Martin's) – [NIS]

Fetzer, J. 2000. Public Attitudes toward Immigration in the United States, France, and Germany (Cambridge: University Press) – [O/O]

Swyngedouw, M. and G. Ivaldi. 2001. 'The extreme Right Utopia in Belgium and France: the ideology of the Flemish Vlaams Blok and the French Front national,' West European Politics, Vol.24, No.3, pp.1-22 – Reference only

Amin, A  . 2003. ' Unruly strangers? The 2001 urban riots in Britain,' International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Vol.27, No.2, pp.460-463 - Reference only 

Mayer, N. 2003. 'Le Pen's Comeback: the 2002 French presidential election,' International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Vol.27, No.2, pp.455-459 - Reference only

Betz, Hans-Georg. 1994. Radical Right-Wing Populism in Western Europe (Basingstoke & London: MacMillan) - 324.940559 BET [PC]

 

Essay Question

 

 

 17. Secularisation and Religious Fundamentalism

 

Required:

Huntington , Clash of Civilizations , pp 95-101 (‘La Revanche de Dieu’) [PC] 909.829 HUN

Sivan, Emmanuel. 2003. 'The Enclave Culture'. in Strong religion : the rise of fundamentalisms around the world. , edited by G. A. Almond, R. Scott Appleby, and Emmanuel Sivan. Chicago: University of Chicago Press

 

Podcasts (moderately useful):

Secularism:

Jose Casanova on secularization

Charles Taylor - The Future of the Secular

Simon Glendenning, LSE, Modernity and the Meaning of Life (on secularisation)

Religion:

Rodney Stark - The Market Approach to Understanding Religion

Stark et al., Christian Establishments and the Neglect of Faith

Rodney Stark - Early Christianity: Opium of the Privileged?

US Christian Fundamentalism

Alan Wolfe - The Transformation of American Religion

 

Recommended:

Abdelhadi , Magdi. 2003. 'The Islamic revival in Egypt , ' BBC , Friday , 26 September

< http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/talking_point/special/islam/3136154.stm>

Ayubi , N. 1980. 'The Political Revival of Islam - the Case of Egypt , ' International Journal of Middle East Studies , 12 (4): 481-499 - JSTOR

*Bruce, Steve (ed.). 2002. God is Dead (Oxford: Blackwell), ch. 1 - 200.91821 BRU (1 week)

Secularisation (esp. Europe)

*Bruce , Steve (ed.). 2002. God is Dead ( Oxford : Blackwell) , chs. 1 (secularisation) , 3 ( Britain ) , 11 (US) and 12 (conclusion) – [ NIS ]

*Martin , David. [1978] 1993. A General Theory of Secularization (Aldershot: Gregg Revivals) , ch. 2 – [NIS]

*Norris, Pippa, and Ronald Inglehart. 2004. Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Swatos, William H., and Daniel V. A. Olson. 2000. The secularization debate. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers : Co-published with the Association for the Sociology of Religion.

Bruce , Steve (ed.) 1992. Religion and Modernization: Sociologists and Historians Debate the Secularization Thesis (Oxford: OUP) - 306.609034 REL [PC]

Martin, David. 2005. On Secularization. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Wallis , Roy and Steve Bruce. 1991 'Secularization: Trends , Data and Theory , ' Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion , 3 , pp. 1-31. – [JNIS] - available electronically

Kaufmann, Eric. 2008. 'Human Development and the Demography of Secularisation in Global Perspective'. Interdisciplinary Journal of Research on Religion 4.

Barker , E. , J.Beckford and K.Dobbelaere , (eds.) 1993. Secularization , Rationalism and Sectarianism: Essays in Honour of Bryan Wilson (Oxford: OUP) - 306.6 SEC

Fundamentalism

Christian

*Ammerman, Nancy. 1991. 'North American Protestant Fundamentalism', in Fundamentalisms observed, The Fundamentalism project, edited by M. E. Marty, R. Scott Appleby. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Micklethwait, John, and Adrian Wooldridge. 2009. God is back : how the global revival of faith is changing the world. New York: Penguin Press

Jenkins, Philip. 2007. The next christendom : the coming of global Christianity. Rev. and expanded ed. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press.

Martin, David. 2001. Pentecostalism: the World their Parish. Oxford: Blackwell.

Greeley , A. 2001. 'The Future of Religion in America , ' Society , vol. 38 , no. 3 , pp. 32-37 – [JNIS]

Jenkins, Philip. 2007. God's continent : Christianity, Islam, and Europe's religious crisis. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press.

Wolfe, Alan. 2003. The transformation of American religion : how we actually live our faith. New York: Free Press

*Green, John Clifford, Mark J. Rozell, and Clyde Wilcox. 2003. The Christian right in American politics : marching to the millennium. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.

Wolfe , A. 2004. 'Dieting for Jesus , ' Prospect , January

Clark , V. 2003. 'The Christian Zionists' , Prospect , July

Bruce , S. 1998. Conservative Protestant Politics (Oxford: Oxford University Press) , ch. 5

Jewish

Efron, N. J. (2003). Real Jews : secular versus ultra-orthodox and the struggle for Jewish identity in Israel. New York, Basic Books.

Friedman, M. (1992). 'The Lost Kiddush Cup: Changes in Ashkenzic haredi Culture, a tradition in crisis' in J. Wertheimer. The Uses of Tradition. Cambridge, MA and London, Harvard University Press: 175-86.

Heilman, S. C. (2006). Sliding to the right : the contest for the future of American Jewish Orthodoxy. Berkeley, University of California Press.

Shahak, I. and N. Mezvinsky (1999). Jewish fundamentalism in Israel. London ; Sterling, VA, Pluto Press.

 

Essay Question:

 

18. Case Study: Islamic Fundamentalism

 

Required:

Huntington , S. 1993. Clash of Civilizations , pp. 109-120 [PC] 909.829 HUN

Kaufmann, Eric. 2012. 'Primordialists and constructionists: a typology of theories of religion,' Religion, Brain and Behavior, pp. 1-15 

Wickham, Carrie R. 2002. Mobilizing Islam, Religion, Activism and Political Change in Egypt. New York: Columbia University Press, ch. 7

 

Podcasts

John L Esposito, Who Speaks for Islam

Globalization and Islam - Olivier Roy

John Voll on Islam

Tariq Ramadan - Muslims Today: A Radical Reform

Tariq Ramadan - reconciling Islam and the West

 

Recommended:

Kepel , Gilles. 2002. Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam (London: Tauris), ch.3

*Zubaida , S. 2003. Law and Power in the Islamic World (London & new York: I. B. Tauris) , ch. 5 - [PC] 11858 (see also review by Eric Kaufmann in Comparative Studies in Society and History , vol. 47 , no. 1. , (2005) - SwetsWise) Gellner, E. 1981. Muslim Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Juergensmeyer , Mark. 2001. Terror in the Mind of God (Berkeley: University of California Press) - 291.178331 JUE [PC]

*Abdo , Geneive. 2000. No God but God: Egypt and the triumph of Islam (Oxford , UK , New York , NY: Oxford University Press)

*Wickham , Carrie Rosefsky. 2002. Mobilizing Islam: Religion , Activism , and Political Change In Egypt (New York: Columbia University Press), esp. ch. 7.

Q, Wiktorowicz. 2001. The management of Islamic activism: Salafis, the Muslim brotherhood, and state power. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press).

Meijer, Roel. 2009. Global Salafism : Islam's new religious movement. New York: Columbia University Press.

Rinaldo, Rachel. 2008. 'Pious Islam and Women's Activism in Indonesia'. Michigan State University Women in Development Working Paper Series # 291.

Commins, David Dean. 2006. The Wahhabi mission and Saudi Arabia. London ; New York: I.B. Tauris.

Ahmad, Mumtaz. 1991. 'Islamic Fundamentalism in South Asia: The Jamaat-i-Islami and the Tablighi Jamaat' in Fundamentalisms observed, The Fundamentalism project.

Piscatori, James. 1994. 'Accounting for Islamic Fundamentalisms' (ch 14) in Marty, Martin E., R. Scott Appleby, and American Academy of Arts and Sciences. 1994. Accounting for fundamentalisms : the dynamic character of movements, The Fundamentalism project. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Metcalf, Barbara D. 1994. ' "Remaking Ourselves": Islamic Self-Fashioning in a Global Movement of Spiritual Renewal' (ch 25) in Accounting for fundamentalisms : the dynamic character of movements

Liddle , R.W. 1996. 'The Islamic turn in Indonesia: A political explanation' , Journal of Asian Studies , 55 (3): 613-634

Aliyev ,   F.B. 2005. 'Framing perceptions of Islam and the "Islamic revival" in the post-Soviet countries , ' Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies , 2 (7): 123-136

Haddad , Yvonne Yazbeck and Esposito , John L. 1997. The Islamic Revival Since 1988: A Critical Survey and Bibliography (Westport , CT: Greenwood)

Yemelianova , G. 2006. 'Kinship , ethnicity and religion in post-Communist societies - Russia's autonomous republic of Kabordino-Balkariya , ' Ethnicities 5 (1): 51-82

Roy , A. 1999. 'Impact of Islamic revival and reform in colonial Bengal and Bengal Muslim identity: A revisit , ' South Asia-Journal of South Asian Studies vol. 22: 39-77 (see also related articles in this special issue)

Sengupt , A. 1999. 'The Making of a Religious Identity - Islam and the state in Uzbekistan , ' Economic and Political Weekly 34 (52): 3649-3652

Kaylan , M. 2006. The Kemalists: Islamic revival and the fate of secular Turkey (New York: Prometheus)

*Robinson , F. 2005. 'Other-Worldly and This-Worldly Islam and the Islamic revival' - A memorial lecture for Wilfred Cantwell Smith. Delivered at the Royal Asiatic Society on 10 April 2003 , Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 14: 47-58 Part 1 Howell , J. 2001. 'Sufism and the Indonesian Islamic Revival' , Journal of Asian Studies 60 (3): 701-729

Ibrahim , A. 1999. 'A theology of Modernity: Hasan al-Turabi and Islamic renewal in Sudan , ' Africa Today , 46 (3-4): 195-222

Nasser , M. 1999. 'The New Veiling Phenomenon - Is it an anorexic equivalent? A polemic , ' Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology 9 (6): 407-412

Kramer , M. 1996. Arab Awakening and Islamic Revival: the politics of ideas in the Middle East (New Brunswick , N.J ; London : Transaction Publishers)

Rahnema , A. 1994. Pioneers of Islamic Revival (London: Zed Books)

Zebiri , K. 1993. 'Islamic Revival in Algeria - An Overview , ' Muslim World

83 (3-4): 203-226

Faust K , Gulick J , Gadalla S , Khattab H. 1992. 'Young Women Members of the Islamic Revival Movement in Egypt , Muslim World , 82 (1-2): 55-65

Metcalf , B.. [1982] 2002. Islamic Revival in British India - Deoband , 1860-1900 (New Delhi: Oxford University Press)

 

Essay Question

 

19. Religion and Nationalism

 

Required:

 

Hastings , Adrian . 1997. The Construction of Nationhood: Ethnicity , Religion and Nationalism (Cambridge & New York: Cambridge University Press), ch.8 - 320.54 HAS [PC]

Kaufmann, Eric. 2012. 'Primordialists and constructionists: a typology of theories of religion,' Religion, Brain and Behavior, pp. 1-15 

 

 

Podcasts:

Mark Juergensmeyer God and war

Scott Appleby - Responding to the Roots of Religious Violence

Afghanistan conflict

Pakistan: What Next?

 

 

Recommended:

*Smith, Anthony D. 2004. Chosen Peoples: Sacred Sources of National Identity (Oxford: Oxford University Press)

*Smith, Anthony D. 1981. The Ethnic Revival (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)

Smith , Anthony. 1998. Nationalism and Modernism , ( London & New York : Routledge) , ch 5 - SLC 320.5401 SMI

Kedourie, Elie. 1971. Nationalism in Asia and Africa (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson)

*Juergensmeyer, Mark. 1993. The New Cold War?: Religious Nationalism Confronts the Secular State (Berkeley & Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press)

*O'Brien, Connor Cruise. 1988. God-Land: Reflections on Religion and Nationalism (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press)

Roy, Olivier. 1994. The Failure of Political Islam. London: I.B. Tauris.

Strenski, Ivan. 2002. Contesting Sacrifice: Religion, nationalism, and social thought in France (Chicago: University of Chicago Press)

*Seljak, David. 1996. 'Why the Quiet Revolution was “Quiet”: The Catholic Church’s Reaction to the Secularization of Nationalism in Quebec after 1960,' Historical Studies, 62 (1996), pp. 109-124 <http://www.umanitoba.ca/colleges/st_pauls/ccha/Back%20Issues/CCHA1996/Seljak.htm>

Aliyev, F.B. 2004. 'Framing perceptions of Islam and the 'Islamic revival' in the post-Soviet countries,' Journal For The Study of Religions and Ideologies, 2 (7): 123-136 Yemelianova

Sengupt, A. 1999. 'The Making of a Religious Identity - Islam and the state in Uzbekistan,' Economic and Political Weekly, 34 (52): 3649-3652

Sells, M. 2003. 'Crosses of blood: Sacred space, religion, and violence in Bosnia-Hercegovina,' Sociology of Religion, 64 (3): 309-331

McGarry, John., and O'Leary, Brendan (eds).1995. Explaining Northern Ireland (Oxford: Blackwell), ch. 1

Jaffrelot, C. (1996) The Hindu Nationalist Movement and Indian Politics (London: Hurst)

Jankowski, Mark and Israel Gershoni(eds). 1997. Rethinking Nationalism in the Arab Middle East (New York: Columbia University Press)

Akenson, Donald Harman. 1992. God's Peoples: Covenant and Land in South Africa, Israel, and Ulster (Ithaca: Cornell University Press)

Fox, J. 2004. 'The Rise of Religious Nationalism and Conflict: Ethnic conflict and revolutionary wars, 1945-2001,' Journal of Peace Research, 41 (6): 715-731 NOV 2004

 

Essay Question

 

 

20. Conclusion and Review.